In a sense, experiential learning is simply learning by doing — but there is more to the process. Not only do learners take action, but they reflect on, learn from, and take new action based on experience. Kolb and Frye describe experiential learning as a four-part cycle:
1. The learner has concrete experience with the content being taught.
2. The learner reflects on the experience by comparing it prior experiences.
3. Based on experience and reflection, the learner develops new ideas about the content being taught.
4. The learner acts on her new ideas by experimenting in an experiential setting.
When the new ideas are put into action, they become the basis for a new cycle of experiential learning.